FENellaFLEUR Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds

 

 
 

Breeding/Health Issues

There has been a lot of debate in the press and TV recently regarding defects being deliberately bred into dogs. We are extremely careful to ensure our dogs are bred to be not only great pets and great with children but most importantly we ensure they are only ever bred for the physical betterment of the breed/dog it's self.

All our dogs are "Fit for purpose - Fit for life" In a Dachshunds case that means chasing rabbits across rough fields, digging up rabbit holes or any where else they want to and above all strong boning no matter the weight.

Please click the shortcut links below or scroll down to find the various sections. Data on some of these issues is constantly changing so as and when we learn of new developments or other issues become apparent we will update and add additional sections as required.

Watch a video on the Dachshund Breed Councils Health Plans

Page Section Shortcuts

PRA    Back Problems IVDD   Size ZERO Miniature Dachshunds

 

1. PRA - (Progressive retinal atrophy)

Watch a video on PRA - Part 1

Watch a video on PRA - Part 2 - Why some dogs get affected later in life and some earlier

Miniature Dachshunds regrettably are VERY prone to PRA (CLICK HERE for information) so sensible owners always get their dogs tested if planning to breed from them. If the dog has PRA then they should NEVER EVER be bred from. Unfortunately many people are unaware of this serious issue and cause pups with PRA to be born. Please check the chart below to see possible safe matting's to avoid PRA in litters.

Has PRA (Affected) CARRIER CLEAR OK to BREED from ?
XX     NO NEVER EVER! (100% PRA)
X X   NO NEVER EVER! (50% PRA 50% CARRIER)
X   X YES (ALL PUPS 100% CARRIER)
  XX   NO NEVER EVER! (APPROX 25% PUPS WOULD BE PRA 50% CARRIER 25%CLEAR)
  X X YES (APPROX 50% PUPS WOULD BE CLEAR 50% CARRIER)
    XX YES (ALL 100% PUPS WOULD BE CLEAR)

Click on the icon for a recent article on PRA

The Kennel Club provides updated lists of all Dogs PRA tested and their results - If you know the Kennel name of a parent you can make sure everything is in order by checking the links below and then checking the results of both parents with the chart above.

PRA Miniature Longhaired Dachshund Clears

PRA Miniature Longhaired Dachshund Carriers

PRA Miniature Longhaired Dachshund Affected

 

Click here for additional Dachshund breed council information

 

2. Dachshund Back Disorder IVDD

Watch a video on IVDD

Some Dachshunds are prone to back disorder which is possibly linked to people aiming for a very flat back for showing purposes and or breeding much smaller dogs with inherently weaker bone structures. Recent research suggests SOME back issues are now genetic so check your breeders history on this before buying a dog from them. Our own dogs all have good strong boning and thus strong backs with a normal natural slight curve (they require a slight curve for strength and health) as are those we use to breed with. We breed for long rib cages to help ensure strong backs.

The problem occurs when the inner jelly protrudes or herniates through the fibrous layer into the vertebral canal and presses on the spinal cord. This compression may be slight or severe and this will depend on the amount of protrusion into the canal.

Type I intervertebral disk disease usually occurs in dogs with short thick legs such as dachshunds. Although short legs are normal for this breeds it is basically the result of abnormal development of cartilage. The disks in these dogs become more like cartilage than fibrous tissue, this increases the risk of rupture into the vertebral canal. This can occur in these dogs at a fairly young age 3-6 years and sometimes younger and can occur at several sites in the back, causing considerable pain.

Type II intervertebral disk disease often only partial protrusion not complete rupture and mostly seen in dogs that do not have the short thick legs and are larger breeds. Usually appears in older dogs 6-10 years and develops more slowly and is less severe than Type 1.

Type III intervertebral disk disease this is a fairly rare, type of disc rupture and is most damaging and traumatic. The disc material herniates severally and may actually enter the spinal cord, so causing severe damage. This may result in some areas of the cord dying. The damage may be so severe that the only humane option is euthanasia.

Signs of canine back problems or disk disease - Type 1 usually starts quite quickly and is usually severe depending on the amount of pressure on the spinal cord, there may be pain in the region of the neck, weakness or paralysis in some or all the limbs. Pain is the main sign of this disease and may be steady or occasional, sudden movement causes excruciating pain. Type 11 intervertebral disk disease - usually develops much more slowly over several months, with pain, weakness or paralysis in some or all of the limbs.

Treatment
IVDD can result in permanent paralysis and incontinence if not treated.

Medical treatment of this disease consists of anti inflammatory medication and strict rest (in a cage) toileting your dog on a lead. Surgery is a possibility in serious cases to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord, recovery after surgery ranges from fair to good depending on certain factors. Other options are hydrotherapy, massage, acupuncture, herbal homeopathic treatments, and to assist if paralysed a dog wheelchair. It is critical to seek veterinarian help immediately, if you think your dog has a back problem, your vet will discuss with you the treatment options available in your dogs particular case.

Click here for more detailed technical information

Click here for really useful information on IVDD

 

3. Size ZERO - or when is a Miniature Dachshund not a Miniature Dachshund

Currently most shows weight miniature Dachshunds, those OVER 11lbs / 5kg are deemed to be at fault - too big/heavy. This is an artificially introduced weight to categorise a miniature Dachshund for a standard AND HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH BEING OVER WEIGHT.

The Kennel club DOES NOT APPROVE of weighing and has recently stated the following:

Weighing of Miniature Dachshunds

2nd Feb 2009

The General Committee of the Kennel Club has considered the stance taken by the Dachshund Breed Council with regard to the weighing of Miniature Dachshunds at shows i.e. that ‘judges who refuse to weigh Miniature Dachshunds may have their names removed from the Breed Council (and UK Clubs’) Judging Lists and will not be offered appointments at any Breed Club shows.’

Having considered this matter, the Committee is of the opinion that those judges who refuse to weigh Miniature Dachshunds are being penalised by the Breed Council for so doing. The impact on new judges is thought to be particularly important in that, by placing a barrier to those who refuse to weigh being offered appointments to judge at breed club open shows, progression is effectively being blocked. It was the Committee’s view that any judges choosing not to weigh, as is their privilege under the new Regulations, should be supported by the Kennel Club. 

Being mindful that the Kennel Club has, for potential welfare reasons, taken a line against weighing and has discontinued the practice at its own show Crufts, and in view of its focus on health and welfare issues, the Committee did not agree with the expressed attitude of the Dachshund Breed Council. It suggested that if the Breed Council persisted in taking such a stance certain consequences would follow:

  1. it would no longer consider any necessity for a prospective judge of Miniature Dachshunds to have undertaken an appointment at a breed club open show and

  2. it would not seek Breed Council opinion for any future nominations to judge the breed at Kennel Club Challenge Certificate level.

Though it has been agreed by the General Committee that no outright ban on weighing should be imposed meantime, its decision to allow the weighing of Miniature Dachshunds to continue at the discretion of the judge and the show concerned, will continue to be kept under strict review by the Kennel Club.

In the meantime it should be noted that, in line with previous Kennel Club announcements, both the judge and the show society concerned must be in agreement on whether or not weighing takes place and each is therefore responsible for arriving at this decision.  The Kennel Club has made its position clear on this subject, in deciding that at its own show Crufts judges will not weigh Miniature Dachshunds,.

It has also been suggested that to avoid any potential allegations regarding the health and welfare of Miniature Dachshunds, water bowls should be placed in the Miniature Dachshund rings at shows.  It is hoped that the Dachshund Breed Council and show societies will give their wholehearted support to this suggestion.

 

Many are split on this, chiefly on the point of when is a Miniature Dachshund not a Miniature Dachshund? The main concern is that if the weight was increased this time miniatures would become bigger and bigger and thus in the eyes of some no longer miniatures. Then we'll eventually get to the same point again, increase the weight limit and they will get even bigger as has apparently happened in Australia.

Our stance is quite simply: WE DO NOT WEIGH OUR DOGS; we don't feel we need or want to as we simply look to see that they are healthy and fit for original purpose. When our dogs are shown they are either within weight or not, either way they will still be shown as a fit for purpose healthy dog as that is our prime objective full stop. We will not at any time let weight get in the way of a good dog and or prevent us from entering it into a show.

The bad side of this is:

Giving laxatives, Starving and Depriving dogs of water in order to get them within weight is quite frankly wrong and given the mess many young girls are in I would have hoped people would know better by now. Any rule that encourages this practice no matter how remotely seems fundamentally flawed. People are different builds and weights as are dogs, attempting to shoe horn them into a one size fits all in order to define a miniature variant of breed certainly needs some considerable work yet.

At the other end of the scale there are many breeders (mostly puppy farmers) who breed for a fit it in your handbag very light boned pretty commercial sells very well type dog this is not what the miniature Dachshund was originally bred for and therefore is in our opinion very wrong. Certainly NOT FIT FOR ORIGINAL PURPOSE unless of course there are rabbits in ladies handbags these days. The Dachshund is a working dog and in our opinion should be treated as such not a TOY! 

Hopefully another perhaps more flexible system will soon be found to qualify a miniature as a miniature.

Further Information on Dachshund Health can be found HERE & HERE

 

 
 

FENellaFLEUR Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds

 
 

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