Chocolate Dachshund History in the UK
The First World War, wrought sad havoc among Dachshunds of all colours. Its impact on the dapple was especially tragic. At the end of the conflict only one dapple remained, a dog named Pied Piper, owned by Mrs. Saunders. In 1923, when ten years old and almost blind, he was mated to a bitch, Kardotta, and sired two outstanding puppies, one chocolate and the other silver dapple. The Silver Dapple went on to do great things however there is no further mention of the chocolate other then it was outstanding. This is the earliest written word about a chocolate in the UK that I could find although it can be assumed they were around much earlier possibly around 1890 if not earlier than that. Robinson describes Chocolates as a mutation at some time from Black so they probably go back to almost the start but surprisingly there is not enough written about them to give an exact date as such. Certainly chocolate in the ancestry may crop up as a recessive factor many many generations later.
Points to look at
As is the case with Dapples there are some breeders who still believe in myths and have genetically inaccurate breeding ideas as a result of that. In this case they are convinced and or feel the blame is with chocolates in the breeding for various pigmentations issues. This is actually genetically incorrect. Click here for detailed information
Chocolate Colour Types
Chocolates seem to come in essentially a light or a dark shade both are CORRECT not just the dark as thought by many. The time of year with varying degrees of sunlight does affect the colour of these dogs quite widely being generally lighter in the summer and darker in the winter. Often more noticeable on the ears. It's not unusual to find a dark chocolate dog with very light coloured ear hair particularly in high summer.
If you breed from a dog with poor pigmentation then you are more likely to have offspring who also have pigmentation issues. This will happen regardless of the colour of parents. Where the confusion with chocolates comes in is that from time to time red/cream dogs from breedings involving chocolates and or chocolate carrying dogs can produce pups with chocolate noses. Unfortunately there are STILL breeders who do NOT know what a chocolate based red/cream is - so they get a red/cream with a chocolate nose and instead of knowing what it is (and why it CANT have a black nose) they say it has poor pigment - actually if it has a good deep chocolate nose then it has excellent pigment for what it is. A further confusion to this is that the breed standard does not currently allow for any colour other than chocolate to have a chocolate nose so those dogs are no good for showing BUT they DO NOT have pigmentation issues!
Pictures of Chocolate based reds below. NOTE: This colour is not currently in the UK breed standard.
This genotype may explain the origin of the myths of mating red to red leads to loss of pigment as well as chocolates in the breeding are responsible for pigmentation issues. Another joker in the pack is when e-reds turn up. FOR EXAMPLE two black parents with a long line of blacks behind them mate and then suddenly out of no where produce a red pup! This does from time to time happen and once again has nothing to do with a pigmentation issue. Please note the e-red can appear from almost any colour combination of parents; the blacks above were an example used to show an extreme variation. As with chocolate based reds and creams, e-reds are what they are and will happen regardless.
Another myth that is often used to blame chocolates and dapples for colour pigmentation issues is that Black to Black always produces Blacks with no variance in colour and chocolates and dapples etc have differences in shades. How this myth has come into being is possibly because it is difficult for the human eye to see differences in the intensity of Black where as with chocolate and other colours it's much easier. Non the less Black is likely to have just as many variances as any other colour however those differences will not be as easily identifiable as in other colours.
Chocolate IS actually A GENETICALLY MODIFIED BLACK! Therefore there is NO GOOD reason WHY chocolates of good pigmentation can not be safely bred to one another AND OTHER COLOURS. The ONLY issue which can not truly be considered a pigmentation issue; is that chocolate based reds may be produced when using reds along with chocolates and or other colours that carry chocolate. Cream given it's red with a modifier can also end up in the chocolate based reds scenario resulting in a cream with a chocolate nose but again it does not fit the breed standard.
Examples of POOR pigmentation issues can be seen as:
Chocolate and Tan & Chocolate Dapple = DOES NOT HAVE FULL CHOCOLATE PIGMENTATION - For example: pale translucent/pink/white nails, pink nose, pale tinted hair etc.
Every other colour = DOES NOT HAVE FULL BLACK PIGMENTATION - For example: pale translucent grey/white nails, pale blue grey nose, blue grey around the eyes and mouth etc.
Breed Standard states:
Nose and nails BLACK in all colours Except chocolate/tan and chocolate/dapple, where BROWN is permitted. NO other colours are permitted!
Examples of GOOD pigmentation
Chocolate and Tan & Chocolate Dapple = Brown/Chocolate nose and nails is correct
Every other colour = Black nose and nails is correct
PLEASE NOTE: Various medical conditions can cause a dogs pigmentation to change colour often returning to normal as the dog recovers. Some drugs can also cause pigmentation issues. And some dogs can change pigmentation colour as they get older.
It is acceptable for Chocolate Dachshunds to have lighter eyes - sort of yellow/brown/hazel colour normally, often very striking to look at against a lighter eye skin area due to the different pigment colour in Chocolates. The colours shown below are a digital average of the lightest and darkest across the chocolates we own and have owned ONLY. So please note there are many other chocolates that have more yellow orange and even a very dark eye as in the other colours.
Chocolate eye rims can look pinkish to the eye, BUT if you put them next to a real pink eye rim, you would IMMEDIATELY see the difference. Its often the case that dogs have thinner hair round the eye and it shows A LOT more on a chocolate thus creating an optical illusion
TRY THIS - What colour is the eye rim of this Dog?
Is it A or B?
B is an exact digital colour sample of the eye rim taken using the Print and Photography industry standard Adobe Photoshop CS4 application which is digitally 100% colour accurate.There are more technical (easier) ways of proving exactly what has been said, how ever I have chosen to try and explain a relatively complex subject in plain English to make it easier for the novice to understand.